Understanding the Different Types of Dismissal in Cricket

Cricket, often referred to as the “gentleman’s game,” features a wide range of intriguing and unique ways in which a batsman can be dismissed. From the classic bowled dismissal to the more unusual modes of dismissal like hit wicket, cricket offers an array of thrilling moments that keep fans on the edge of their seats. In this article, we will explore the various types of dismissal in cricket, shedding light on the rules and conditions that lead to a batsman’s departure from the crease.


The most common and straightforward method of dismissal in cricket is being bowled. A batsman is considered out when the ball delivered by the bowler hits the stumps, dislodging at least one bail. It can occur when the ball deflects off the bat, pad, or any part of the batsman’s body onto the stumps, or when the ball goes straight past the bat and hits the stumps directly.

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A batsman is dismissed by a catch when a fielder successfully catches the ball before it touches the ground, provided that the catch is clean and taken within the field of play. The fielder must have complete control over the ball, and both the ball and the fielder should not make contact with the boundary ropes or the ground beyond it.

LBW (Leg Before Wicket):

Leg Before Wicket, commonly known as LBW, is a dismissal that occurs when the ball strikes the batsman’s leg in front of the wicket, and the umpire determines that the ball would have gone on to hit the stumps had it not been obstructed by the leg. The decision is based on a set of criteria, including the line of the ball, impact with the leg, and whether the batsman was offering a shot or not.

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Run Out:

A run-out happens when a fielder, either by throwing the ball or dislodging the bails with hand or ball while the batsman is outside the crease, successfully breaks the batsman’s attempt to complete a run. Both the batsman and the non-striker can be dismissed in this manner.


Stumping is a type of dismissal that occurs when a batsman, after stepping out of the crease to play a shot, fails to return to the crease before the wicketkeeper dislodges the bails while holding the ball. The batsman must be entirely outside the crease, and the wicketkeeper must remove the bails without any part of the batsman or bat behind the crease.

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Hit Wicket:

In a rare occurrence, a batsman can be dismissed if they accidentally hit their own wicket with the bat or any part of their body, including the helmet, while attempting a shot. The wicket is considered hit if any of the bails are dislodged or the stumps are disturbed.

Handled the Ball:

A batsman can be given out if they intentionally touch the ball with their hand, other than to protect themselves from injury. However, handling the ball accidentally or to return it to the fielder does not lead to dismissal.

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Timed Out and Obstructing the Field:

While infrequently seen, a batsman can be given out for failing to take the field within three minutes of the fall of the previous wicket (timed out). Additionally, obstructing the field occurs when a batsman willfully obstructs a fielder’s attempt to run them out or prevent a catch. Both of these modes of dismissal are quite rare.


The game of cricket encompasses a fascinating range of dismissals that test the skills, decision-making, and adherence to the rules of both batsmen and fielders. Each type of dismissal has its own unique conditions and intricacies, contributing to the excitement and unpredictability of the sport. Understanding these different modes of dismissal adds to the overall enjoyment and appreciation of the game, allowing fans to comprehend the umpire’s decisions and engage in lively discussions about the finer points of cricketing law.