What is Umpire’s Call in Cricket: A Comprehensive Guide

Cricket, often regarded as a game of precision, strategy, and intricate rules, is known for its unique terminologies and concepts that set it apart from other sports. One such concept that has sparked both fascination and debate among players, fans, and experts is “Umpire’s Call.” In this comprehensive guide, we will delve deep into the world of Umpire’s Call in cricket, exploring its definition, the technology behind it, its impact on the game, and the controversies surrounding it.

Introduction to Umpire’s Call

The Role of On-Field Umpires

In cricket, on-field umpires play a pivotal role in officiating matches. They make critical decisions, including determining whether a batsman is out or not out, whether a delivery is a no-ball or a wide, and much more. Umpires rely on their judgment, experience, and knowledge of the game to make these decisions.

The Introduction of DRS

The Decision Review System (DRS) was introduced to enhance the accuracy of on-field decisions and reduce the margin of error. DRS allows teams to challenge the on-field umpire’s decisions, primarily for dismissals (e.g., caught behind, LBW) and fair deliveries (no-balls). The system uses technology, including ball tracking, to assist in making these decisions.

Understanding Umpire’s Call

What Is Umpire’s Call?

Umpire’s Call is a term used in the context of the Decision Review System (DRS) in cricket. It refers to a situation where the on-field umpire’s original decision—either out or not out—is upheld, even after a review. This means that the technology used for the review deems the on-field decision to be within an acceptable margin of error.

The Importance of the Original Decision

Umpire’s Call places significant importance on the original decision made by the on-field umpire. If the technology used for review shows that the ball is hitting the stumps for an LBW decision (for example), but it also indicates that the ball would have marginally clipped the stumps, the on-field decision (whether out or not out) is upheld. In essence, the technology supports the umpire’s original judgment.

How Umpire’s Call Works

Umpire’s Call is primarily applied to LBW (Leg Before Wicket) decisions. When a team decides to review an LBW decision, the ball-tracking technology assesses the path of the ball and predicts whether it would have hit the stumps based on certain criteria:

  • If the ball-tracking technology shows that at least half of the ball is hitting the stumps (the line of the stumps), the on-field decision is upheld, and the batsman is declared out (or not out if the original decision was in favor of the batsman).
  • If less than half of the ball is hitting the stumps, the on-field decision is also upheld, and the batsman remains not out (or out if the original decision was against the batsman).

This means that even if the ball-tracking technology indicates that the ball would have hit the stumps, as long as it marginally clips the stumps, the on-field decision stands.

Technology Behind Umpire’s Call

Ball Tracking Technology

The foundation of Umpire’s Call lies in ball tracking technology, which is designed to precisely monitor the path of the cricket ball from the moment it is released by the bowler to the point of impact with the batsman or stumps. This technology has become an integral part of the Decision Review System (DRS) and has transformed the way LBW decisions are assessed.

Hawk-Eye: The Pioneering Technology

Hawk-Eye, a pioneer in ball tracking technology, is widely used in international cricket. It employs multiple high-speed cameras strategically placed around the cricket ground to capture the ball’s trajectory. The data collected is then processed to create a three-dimensional model of the ball’s path, enabling precise predictions of where the ball would have traveled had it not been interrupted by the batsman.

Other Ball Tracking Systems

While Hawk-Eye is the most well-known ball tracking system, there are other technologies, such as Virtual Eye and UltraEdge, that also contribute to ball tracking and DRS implementations. These systems aim to provide accurate and consistent results in assessing LBW and other decisions.

The Impact on Decision-Making

Reviewing Umpire’s Call Decisions

When a team decides to review an on-field decision, it can be a strategic move. By challenging the umpire’s call, teams hope to overturn a decision that may have gone against them. However, the introduction of Umpire’s Call has added a layer of complexity to the review process.

Teams must consider the following factors when deciding whether to review:

  • The on-field umpire’s decision: If the original decision is clearly incorrect, a review is often taken. However, if the decision is a close one, teams may be hesitant to use their review.
  • The number of reviews available: Teams have a limited number of reviews per innings, so they must use them judiciously.

Strategic Use of DRS

Teams have become increasingly strategic in their use of the DRS. They often employ the technology to review decisions they believe are “umpire’s call” situations, especially when it comes to LBW decisions. This strategic use can create tension and drama on the field, adding to the intrigue of the game.

Impact on Bowlers and Batsmen

Umpire’s Call has a direct impact on both bowlers and batsmen. For bowlers, it can be frustrating when a close LBW decision is not overturned despite technology suggesting the ball would have hit the stumps. Conversely, batsmen may breathe a sigh of relief when they benefit from the margin of error allowed by Umpire’s Call.

Controversies and Criticisms

Criticisms from Players and Pundits

Umpire’s Call has not been without its share of controversies and criticisms. Some players and cricket pundits argue that the concept adds unnecessary complexity and ambiguity to decision-making. They contend that if technology shows the ball would have hit the stumps, the batsman should be given out, regardless of the umpire’s original decision.

Ambiguity in LBW Decisions

The LBW law is one of the most complex and contentious aspects of cricket. Umpire’s Call adds an extra layer of ambiguity to LBW decisions, as it introduces the concept of the “umpire’s original decision” into the mix. Critics argue that this ambiguity can lead to inconsistencies and diminish the clarity of decision-making.

Addressing the Controversies

The controversies surrounding Umpire’s Call have prompted discussions within the cricketing community. Some have called for a reevaluation of the LBW law and the use of technology, while others believe that maintaining the human element of decision-making is essential to the spirit of the game.

The Future of Umpire’s Call

Technological Advancements

As technology continues to advance, there may be improvements in ball tracking systems that reduce the margin of error. This could potentially lead to a reassessment of Umpire’s Call rules and its impact on LBW decisions.

Potential Changes in Rules

Cricket’s governing bodies, including the International Cricket Council (ICC), periodically review and amend the rules of the game. It is possible that future rule changes could address the concerns and criticisms related to Umpire’s Call.

Maintaining the Human Element

While technology has enhanced decision-making in cricket, there is an argument for preserving the human element of the game. The presence of on-field umpires and their judgment adds character and tradition to cricket, and some believe that striking the right balance between technology and human decision-making is essential.


Umpire’s Call in cricket represents the delicate intersection of tradition and technology. While it has brought greater accuracy to decision-making, it has also introduced complexities and controversies that continue to be debated in the cricketing world.

As the game evolves, discussions around Umpire’s Call will likely persist. The challenge lies in finding a balance between harnessing the benefits of technology and preserving the essence of cricket—a sport that values not just the precision of machines but also the wisdom and judgment of umpires on the field. Regardless of the debates, Umpire’s Call remains an integral part of modern cricket, shaping the outcomes of matches and adding layers of intrigue to the sport cherished by millions around the world.