DLS vs VJD: A Comprehensive Comparison of Cricket’s Rain Rules

Cricket, a sport deeply influenced by weather conditions, often faces interruptions due to rain. To ensure fair outcomes, various rain rules have been implemented, with DLS (Duckworth-Lewis-Stern) and VJD (V Jayadevan’s Method) being two prominent systems. In this article, we delve into the world of rain rules in cricket and provide a comprehensive comparison of the DLS and VJD methods. By understanding their principles and application, cricket enthusiasts can gain insight into how these rules determine match outcomes when rain interrupts play.

DLS (Duckworth-Lewis-Stern) Method

The DLS method, developed by statisticians Frank Duckworth and Tony Lewis, and revised later with input from Steven Stern, is widely used in limited-overs cricket to adjust target scores in rain-affected matches. The DLS method takes into account the number of overs played, wickets lost, and runs scored at the time of interruption to calculate a revised target for the chasing team. It considers resources available and sets a par score based on the relative run rate of the two teams.

VJD (V Jayadevan’s Method)

VJD, developed by Indian engineer V Jayadevan, is an alternative rain rule system used in limited-overs cricket. It takes a slightly different approach from DLS. Instead of setting a target score for the chasing team, VJD adjusts the total overs available to both teams based on the number of overs lost due to rain. It aims to ensure equal opportunities for both teams, considering the number of wickets in hand and the run rate at the time of interruption.

Principles and Calculation Methods

The DLS method uses a complex mathematical formula to calculate target scores, considering the resources available and the required run rate at the time of interruption. It incorporates a par score, the number of overs remaining, and the wickets lost to determine a revised target for the chasing team. The calculations are continuously updated throughout the match.

In contrast, the VJD method focuses on adjusting the number of overs available to both teams. It uses a predetermined table that considers overs lost due to rain, wickets in hand, and the run rate. The method adjusts the total overs in the match, allowing teams to achieve a result based on the resources available.

Application and Popularity

The DLS method, endorsed by the International Cricket Council (ICC), is widely adopted in international cricket, including major tournaments like the ICC Cricket World Cup. Its complex calculations and ability to provide revised target scores make it popular among cricket boards and administrators worldwide.

On the other hand, the VJD method, although gaining recognition, is less commonly used at the international level. It has found more acceptance in domestic cricket leagues and tournaments in India. Some critics argue that the VJD method provides a fairer assessment of the match situation, particularly in cases where a team loses a significant number of overs due to rain.


Rain interruptions are an unavoidable aspect of cricket, and rain rules like DLS and VJD play a crucial role in determining match outcomes in such situations. While the DLS method is widely accepted and utilized in international cricket, the VJD method offers an alternative approach that focuses on adjusting the number of overs available to both teams. Both methods aim to provide fair outcomes despite weather interruptions, and their application depends on the cricket board and tournament regulations. Understanding the principles and calculations behind these rain rules enhances our appreciation of the sportand ensures that cricket matches can continue with integrity and fairness, even in the face of unpredictable weather conditions.