Big Bash League

The Big Bash League (BBL), known for sponsorship reasons as the KFC Big Bash League, stands as a testament to the vibrant and thrilling world of Australian men’s professional club Twenty20 cricket. Launched in 2011 by Cricket Australia, this league has become a cornerstone of the country’s cricketing calendar.

Evolution of the BBL

The BBL was introduced to replace the KFC Twenty20 Big Bash, and one of its defining features is the shift from state teams to city-based franchises. This transition added an exciting new dimension to the competition, with eight franchises now vying for supremacy. One of the league’s most notable aspects is its long-standing partnership with fast-food chicken giant, KFC.

Records and Achievements

The BBL’s popularity has continued to soar since its inception. In the 2016/17 season, it achieved the prestigious distinction of being one of the top ten domestic sports leagues globally based on average attendance. This remarkable success underscores the league’s place in the hearts of cricket enthusiasts.

The most recent champions of the BBL are the Perth Scorchers, who clinched victory in the 12th edition (2022/2023) by triumphing over the Brisbane Heat in the final. This thrilling contest culminated with the Scorchers prevailing by 5 wickets.

A Season for the Summer

The BBL has become an integral part of Australia’s summer sporting calendar. Matches are played during the summer months, typically taking place in December, January, and February. This strategic scheduling allows fans to enjoy top-tier T20 cricket in a relaxed and vibrant atmosphere, perfect for those long, sun-soaked Australian summer days and nights.

A Competitive Landscape

Among the eight teams that participate in the BBL, six have celebrated title victories, showcasing the competition’s equilibrium. The Perth Scorchers stand as the most successful franchise, with an impressive five titles, including two consecutive wins on two separate occasions. The Sydney Sixers are also a force to be reckoned with, securing the title three times, including two consecutive triumphs. Joining them on the list of champions are the Adelaide Strikers, Melbourne Renegades, Brisbane Heat, and the Sydney Thunder.

Road to Champions League Twenty20

Before 2014, the top two teams in the BBL earned a coveted spot in the prestigious Champions League Twenty20 tournament, an annual international T20 competition that pitted the best domestic teams from across the globe against each other. However, the Champions League Twenty20 ceased to continue after the 2014 edition.

A Trophy to Remember

The BBL trophy, a symbol of excellence and supremacy, underwent a creative design process in 2011. In a contest limited to Australian designers, the final trophy design, selected by the public from a choice of three, was revealed on December 13, 2011.

Ambitious Expansion Plans

Over the years, there have been ambitious proposals to expand the BBL, venturing into regions that do not have a presence in international cricket. While some expansion plans have been considered, they faced challenges related to the availability of appropriate cricket facilities in the proposed cities.

In 2015, there were discussions about potentially including New Zealand teams in the tournament, aiming to create a trans-Tasman competition. While this idea garnered support, logistical challenges made it less likely to come to fruition.

In 2016, the head of the BBL, Anthony Everard, hinted at a soft launch for expansion. The plan was to organize BBL games in regional markets, before possibly introducing new teams after the 2017–18 season when the broadcast deal was set to expire. Locations such as Canberra, Geelong, Launceston, Gold Coast, and Alice Springs were earmarked as potential venues for matches during the soft launch phase. This expansion did eventually happen, but the longer season format was implemented in 2018–19.

Women’s Big Bash League (WBBL)

In the midst of the BBL’s success, there was a growing appetite for women’s cricket. The rising television ratings and popularity of women’s cricket led to the inception of the Women’s Big Bash League (WBBL) in the 2015–16 season. The teams in the WBBL are aligned with the corresponding men’s BBL teams, sharing names and colors, creating a synergy that resonates with fans.

The inaugural Women’s Big Bash League was a thrilling affair that concluded with the Sydney Thunder edging past the Sydney Sixers by 3 wickets. In the 2022–23 WBBL season, it was the Adelaide Strikers who triumphed, securing their maiden WBBL title by defeating the Sydney Thunder by 10 runs.

A Christmas Cricketing Tradition

In a bid to add a unique and exciting dimension to Australian cricket, discussions have surfaced regarding the possibility of hosting a Christmas Day BBL match. This concept would mark a historic moment in Australian sport, as professional matches are not traditionally played on Christmas Day. While the proposal has not yet been implemented, the idea remains alive and could potentially change the way Australians celebrate their Christmas.

The BBL has not only become a staple in Australia’s cricketing calendar but also serves as a model for T20 leagues worldwide. Its compelling mix of high-quality cricket, entertainment, and inclusivity ensures its status as a cricketing spectacle for the ages. As the league continues to evolve and innovate, it promises more thrilling moments and cherished cricketing memories for years to come.

Evolution of the BBL Tournament Format

From its inception in 2011, the Big Bash League (BBL) has consistently evolved, refining its format to enhance the excitement and competitiveness of the league. While the inaugural season featured a different structure, the BBL has maintained a distinct format since, leading to thrilling matches and captivating encounters.

Group Stage Expansion

In the first season, the BBL consisted of 28 group stage matches, setting the stage for the intense T20 cricket action that fans have come to love. The following season saw an expansion in the group stage, with a total of 32 matches.

However, the real transformation occurred in the 2018–19 season, when the BBL introduced a comprehensive format. In this revamped format, each team faces all other teams twice during a season, which amounts to a total of 56 regular-season matches, creating an even more competitive environment.

Round-Robin Battles

In previous seasons, the group stage matches were organized into eight rounds. Each round featured four matches, allowing for high-intensity confrontations between the teams. Every team played six other teams once during a season, while one team was faced twice. This format provided fans with the thrilling spectacle of Sydney and Melbourne derbies, adding an extra layer of excitement. Each team participated in eight group stage matches, half of which were played at home, and the other half were played away.

Evolving for Intensity

The 2017/18 season introduced a significant alteration to the format, with 40 group stage matches. Each team played a total of 10 matches before advancing to the semi-finals. The compressed season schedule meant more doubleheaders, where two matches were played in one day—an afternoon and a night game, keeping fans entertained regularly.

The format also accommodated more head-to-head battles between teams, enhancing the competitive spirit and providing fans with a feast of cricketing action.

A Final to Remember

Traditionally, the BBL final was played at the home ground of the highest-ranked team. This format, while thrilling, had a slight exception during the 2014–15 season when the final was hosted at a neutral venue, the Manuka Oval, due to the 2015 Cricket World Cup. This change allowed cricket enthusiasts across different venues to experience the excitement of the BBL final.

Bat Flip and Tournament Enhancements

The 2018–19 season saw the introduction of the ‘bat flip’—a unique twist to the traditional coin toss. This change added an element of surprise and unpredictability to the game, making it even more captivating.

The BBL continued to innovate, and the 2019–20 season brought a notable shift in the finals structure. A fifth team was introduced to the mix, making the format a hybrid of the Page–McIntyre final four system. The introduction of ‘The Eliminator’ added an extra layer of drama to the knockout stages, ensuring that every moment of the finals was packed with suspense and thrill.

The new structure includes:

  • Eliminator – Fourth vs. Fifth
  • Qualifier – First vs. Second
  • Knock-Out – Third vs. Winner of the Eliminator
  • Challenger – Loser of the Qualifier vs. Winner of the Knock-Out
  • Final – Winner of the Qualifier vs. Winner of the Challenger

The Eight City-Based Franchises

The BBL boasts eight city-based franchises, providing an electrifying representation of Australian cricket. The teams have distinctive identities and loyal fan bases, adding to the league’s charm.

In 2011, the team names and colors were officially unveiled, marking the birth of these cricketing giants. Among the teams, Sydney and Melbourne have the privilege of featuring two franchises each, contributing to an electric atmosphere during the Melbourne Derby and the Sydney Derby, which are among the most anticipated and highly attended matches in the league.

Additionally, the Perth Scorchers and the Sydney Sixers have nurtured a significant rivalry over the years. Their matchups consistently attract large crowds and garner impressive TV ratings, adding to the excitement that the BBL brings to cricket enthusiasts across Australia.

Results summary

Adelaide Strikers136676600350.371
Brisbane Heat137597501244.071
Hobart Hurricanes135646900248.120
Melbourne Renegades132557600141.981
Melbourne Stars139677010148.910
Perth Scorchers146905410162.415
Sydney Sixers144825522359.573
Sydney Thunder135567501342.81

Squad Dynamics

Each city-based franchise is allowed a maximum of 19 contracted players for a season, offering flexibility in squad selection. The squads include a minimum of two rookie contracts, ensuring the league’s continued focus on nurturing young talent.

The introduction of overseas players to the squads has also been a key feature of the BBL, with a maximum of six overseas players allowed. However, the playing regulations restrict the number of international players to three in each match, a rule enforced since the 2020–2021 edition.

To ensure the continuity of the competition, each team can enlist a maximum of two overseas replacement players. This provision offers a strategic solution in case the original overseas players face injuries or unexpected withdrawals, allowing teams to maintain their competitive edge throughout the season.

As the BBL continues to adapt and expand, it promises to provide cricket enthusiasts with even more unforgettable moments, ensuring its place as one of the most exhilarating and dynamic T20 leagues in the world.


TeamTotalTop Finish Seasons(s)
Perth Scorchers52013–14, 2014–15, 2016–17, 2021–22, 2022–23
Sydney Sixers32011–12, 2019–20, 2020–21
Melbourne Renegades12018–19
Adelaide Strikers12017–18
Sydney Thunder12015–16
Brisbane Heat12012–13
Melbourne Stars0
Hobart Hurricanes0

Wooden Spoons

The wooden spoon in Big Bash League is an imaginary and ironic “award” which is said to be won by the team finishing in last place in the Big Bash League.


TeamTotalWooden Spoon Season(s)
Sydney Thunder42011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2016–17
Melbourne Renegades32019–20, 2020–21, 2021–22
Melbourne Stars22017–18, 2022–23
Brisbane Heat12014–15
Sydney Sixers12015–16
Perth Scorchers12018–19
Adelaide Strikers0
Hobart Hurricanes0

Season records

SeasonWooden SpoonPldWLNRBPPts
2011–12Sydney Thunder72504
2012–13Sydney Thunder80800
2013–14Sydney Thunder81702
2014–15Brisbane Heat82604
2015–16Sydney Sixers82604
2016–17Sydney Thunder83506
2017–18Melbourne Stars102804
2018–19Perth Scorchers1441008
2019–20Melbourne Renegades1431106
2020–21Melbourne Renegades144100416
2021–22Melbourne Renegades143101516
2022–23Melbourne Stars1431006

The Evolution of Salary Cap

In the early BBL seasons, the league had a modest salary cap of $1 million. This cap underwent gradual but significant growth as the BBL continued to gain prominence. By the third season, it had risen to $1.05 million. Then, in a notable move in February 2015, the salary cap was elevated to $1.3 million for the fifth season, demonstrating the league’s commitment to attracting top cricketing talent. This upward trend continued, reaching $1.6 million for the sixth season. These increases in the salary cap not only attracted star players but also maintained a competitive balance in the league.

Enhanced Prize Money

As the BBL grew, so did the stakes. With the discontinuation of the Champions League Twenty20 tournament in 2015, Cricket Australia recognized the need to enhance the incentive for BBL teams. The prize money was significantly boosted to a total of $890,000 for the four finalists from the 2015–16 season onwards.

Here’s how the prize money was allocated:

  • $20,000 – Awarded to the team finishing fifth in the season.
  • $80,000 – Distributed to each losing semi-finalist, acknowledging their competitive spirit.
  • $260,000 – Reserved for the runner-up, acknowledging their impressive journey to the final.
  • $450,000 – The lion’s share goes to the champion of the season, the team that claimed ultimate victory.

However, it’s worth noting that the substantial increase of $600,000 went to the successful clubs rather than their players, focusing on rewarding team excellence. This change in prize money distribution not only added excitement but also incentivized teams to push for glory in each season.

A Growing Audience

The BBL has not just made waves in the cricketing world but has left a significant impact on the audience. The average home crowds for the regular season have consistently grown, contributing to the league’s success. These figures do not even include the finals, which are highly anticipated and attract large crowds.

Post-Christmas matches have been particularly popular, often marking the highest-attended period for the league. The entertaining nature of the game, characterized by big-hitting and high-scoring matches, has created interest among younger children, inspiring them to take up cricket.

The 2014–15 season set a record for domestic cricket crowds, drawing massive attendances in several states. The Adelaide Strikers’ home semi-final, in particular, witnessed a crowd of 52,633, marking a historic moment as the largest-ever crowd at the redeveloped Adelaide Oval.

The 2015–16 season took it a step further, breaking attendance records across all venues. The Perth Scorchers became the first BBL team to sell out all home matches in a season, underlining the league’s growing popularity. Furthermore, the single-match attendance record was shattered when 80,883 spectators gathered to witness the Melbourne Stars take on the Melbourne Renegades in the Melbourne Cricket Ground. This season also saw the BBL enter the list of the top 10 most attended sports leagues globally, based on the average crowd per match.

As the BBL continues to capture the hearts of cricket enthusiasts, it promises to grow in leaps and bounds, elevating the game to new heights and offering fans more exciting moments to cherish.

The Kaleidoscope of BBL Grounds

The Big Bash League (BBL), in its quest to provide exhilarating cricket action, has ventured across a diverse array of grounds. With the ever-expanding popularity of the league, different venues have witnessed the thrill and excitement of BBL matches.

Sydney Thunder’s Change of Home

For instance, the Sydney Thunder shifted from ANZ Stadium after the 2014–15 season to their new abode, the Sydney Showground Stadium, which would be their home for the following decade. This relocation added a fresh dimension to their journey in the league.

The Final’s Wanderlust

A significant change that captured the essence of BBL’s dynamism was the decision to host the tournament final at the home ground of the team winning ‘The Qualifier.’ ‘The Qualifier’ is a playoff match contested between the top two teams finishing in the league standings. This innovative concept ensures that the final showdown takes place in front of the triumphant team’s passionate home crowd.

The WACA Ground, renowned for its cricketing history, has stood as the stage for the final on four occasions, more than any other venue. This consistency has solidified its place in BBL history.

Manuka Oval’s Moment

Manuka Oval had its moment in the spotlight when it hosted the final of the 2014–15 BBL season. Acting as a neutral venue, it took on this role primarily because other major grounds were being prepared for the 2015 Cricket World Cup, underlining the adaptability and versatility of BBL venues.

Optus Stadium’s Debut

In a notable transition, the Optus Stadium replaced the WACA Ground as the new home ground of the Perth Scorchers starting from the 2017–18 BBL semi-finals. It marked a significant moment for the Scorchers and became only the second public event held at the brand-new stadium.

Expanding Horizons

The BBL continued to broaden its horizons, with the Adelaide Strikers making an agreement to play home matches at Traeger Park in Alice Springs over the course of the 2017–18 season. In the following seasons, this tradition continued, demonstrating a commitment to engaging with different regions and audiences.

Melbourne Renegades also explored new territory by playing two matches per season at Kardinia Park in Geelong, Victoria, starting from 2017–18. Meanwhile, the Hobart Hurricanes ventured into UTAS Stadium in Launceston, Tasmania, hosting multiple games.

These moves showcased the league’s dedication to extending its reach and ensuring that BBL matches are accessible to fans across diverse locations. It is this diversity in venues that has not only created a dynamic and exciting league but also provided a unique experience to cricket enthusiasts around the nation. As the BBL continues to evolve, it promises to deliver more thrilling matches and new memories, wherever they may be played.

Highest Totals

2/273Melbourne StarsHobart Hurricanes2021–22
5/232Sydney ThunderSydney Sixers2020–21
3/230Adelaide StrikersHobart Hurricanes2022–23
4/229Hobart HurricanesAdelaide Strikers2022-23
7/229Perth ScorchersMelbourne Stars2022-23

Lowest Totals

15Sydney ThunderAdelaide Strikers2022–23
57Melbourne RenegadesMelbourne Stars2014–15
60Sydney Sixers2020–21
61Melbourne Stars2021–22
62Sydney Thunder2022–23

Highest successful run chases

3/230Adelaide StrikersHobart Hurricanes2022/23
8/223Hobart HurricanesMelbourne Renegades2016/17
7/210Hobart HurricanesBrisbane Heat2013/14
4/209Hobart HurricanesBrisbane Heat2014/15
3/196Hobart HurricanesSydney Thunder2018/19

Most runs

Chris Lynn11134212011–2023
Aaron Finch1003245
Jonathan Wells1162797
D’Arcy Short822706
Glenn Maxwell952673

Most Ducks

Alex Hales9692013–2023
Sam Harper9702016–2023
Nic Maddinson91022011–2023
Dan Christian91232011–2023
Nathan Coulter-Nile8452017–2023

Most wickets

Sean Abbott1061532011–2023
Andrew Tye981432014–2023
Kane Richardson1001292011–2023
Ben Dwarshuis911162014–2023
Ben Laughlin951112011–2021

Best economy rates

Lasith Malinga135.402012–2014
Muttiah Muralitharan165.70
Mitchell Johnson196.142016–2018
Mujeeb Ur Rahman466.292018–2023
Samuel Badree136.422015–2017
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